MIDIMUSIC Computer Processed Music

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  3. Estey Player Organ Tracker

Estey Player Organ Tracker Bar Data

Author: David Back, May 2015.
Updated June, September, October and November 2015, September 2016 and April 2017.

This data was collected from various sources including an in depth study of scanned Estey music rolls and information from Treasures of Mechanical Music by Reblitz and Bowers.

1.0 Rolls

Early organs: Non Registering Rolls (i.e. No Stop perforations in the roll) are 10.125" wide.
All these rolls that I know about are prefixed with a "C" and have their stop selections printed on the roll so that stops can be selected manually while the roll is playing.

Later organs: Self Registering Rolls (i.e. With Stop perforations in the roll) are 10.75" wide.
A few early rolls of this width were prefixed with a "C". This indicated that the original roll had stop selections printed on the roll so that the roll could be played either using the included stop selections or with manual selections while the roll was playing.
Note that these later organs had a "Stop Control" piston which could select whether the roll stops or manual stops were used.

Both type of roll have 12 holes per inch in 2 staggered rows.

2.0 Data

2.1 Notes

  1. Odd tracker holes = top row (Swell Organ)
  2. Even tracker holes = bottom row (Great Organ)
  3. * Pedal notes are lowest octave of Great Organ
  4. + 20 Chime notes are midi 57 to 76 on the Swell Organ when 5+ is selected. (Ref: Roll 990e.mes)
  5. Shades operate only on the Solo (Swell) Organ.

2.2 Initialisation

  1. All stops and pistons are closed.
  2. Shades are fully open.
Ref.	Tracker	  Midi Note
Scale	Hole	Great	Swell
		Organ	Organ
C#0	1		Set Combination 1 and 1+ (sc1)
D0	2	Set Combination 2 and 2+ (sc2)
D#0	3		Set Combination 3 and 3+ (sc3)
E0	4	Set Combination 4 and 4+ (sc4)
F0	5		Set Combination 5 and 5+ (sc5)
F#0	6	36*
G0	7		36
G#0	8	37*
A0	9		37
A#0	10	38*
B0	11		38
C1	12	39*
C#1	13		39
D1	14	40*
D#1	15		40
E1	16	41*
F1	17		41
F#1	18	42*
G1	19		42
G#	20	43*
A1	21		43
A#1	22	44*
B1	23		44
C2	24	45*
C#2	25		45
D2	26	46*
D#2	27		46
E2	28	47*
F2	29		47
F#2	30	48
G2	31		48
G#2	32	49
A2	33		49
A#2	34	50
B2	35		50
C3	36	51
C#3	37		51
D3	38	52
D#3	39		52
E3	40	53
F3	41		53
F#3	42	54
G3	43		54
G#3	44	55
A3	45		55
A#3	46	56
B3	47		56
C4	48	57
C#4	49		57+
D4	50	58
D#4	51		58+
E4	52	59
F4	53		59+
F#4	54	60
G4	55		60+
G#4	56	61
A4	57		61+
A#4	58	62
B4	59		62+
C5	60	63
C#5	61		63+
D5	62	64
D#5	63		64+
E5	64	65
F5	65		65+
F#5	66	66
G5	67		66+
G#5	68	67
A5	69		67+
A#5	70	68
B5	71		68+
C6	72	69
C#6	73		69+
D6	74	70
D#6	75		70+
E6	76	71
F6	77		71+
F#6	78	72
G6	79		72+
G#6	80	73
A6	81		73+
A#6	82	74
B6	83		74+
C7	84	75
C#7	85		75+
D7	86	76
D#7	87		76+
E7	88	77
F7	89		77
F#7	90	78
G7	91		78
G#7	92	79
A7	93		79
A#7	94	80
B7	95		80
C8	96	81
C#8	97		81
D8	98	82
D#8	99		82
E8	100	83
F8	101		83
F#8	102	84
G8	103		84
G#8	104	85
A8	105		85
A#8	106	86
B8	107		86
C9	108	87****
C#9	109		87
D9	110	88****
D#9	111		88
E9	112	89****
F9	113		89
F#9	114	90****
G9	115		90
G#9	116	91****
A9	117		91
A#9	118	92***
B9	119		92
C10	120	93***
C#10	121		93**
D10	122	General Cancel/Rewind
D#10	123		Shades close in 3 steps
E10	124	Shades open in 3 steps
F10	125		Set Combination 6 and 6+ (sc6)

3.0 Early Music. Rolls up to 403

  1. When a set combination hole is opened for the first time the basic combiation is selected.
  2. When it is opened for the second time the + combination is selected.
  3. Each combination cancels all the others.

3.1 Combinations

	Solo (Swell)			Accomp (Great)			Pedal (always plays)
1	8' String			8' Flute			Bourdon
1+	8' String			8' Flute, Harp			Bourdon
2	8' Flute			8' String			Bourdon
2+	8'flute, 4' flute		8' String			Bourdon
3	Vox Humana			String				Bourdon
3+	Vox Humana, Stopped Diapason	String, Harp			Bourdon
4	8' Flute F			String, Flute			Bourdon
4+	8' Flute, Tuba			String, Flute + accompaniment	Bourdon
5	Woodwind			Suitable accompaniment		Bourdon
5+	Woodwind, Chimes		Suitable accompaniment		Bourdon
6	Mezzo forte			Mezzo forte			Bourdon
6+	Fortissimo			Fortissimo			Bourdon

4.0 "New Music" stage 1, mid 1920's. Rolls 404 to 1099

  1. When the combination hole, shades open and shades close are selected simultaneously the A combination is selected.
  2. When these three holes are simultaneoulsy opened the second time the A+ combination is selected.
  3. Four combinations are available for each combination hole (24 in all).
  4. Each combination cancels all the others.

4.1 Combinations

	Solo (Swell)			Accomp (Great)			Pedal		Tremolo
1	String				Flute				Bourdon		Yes
1+	String				Flute or Harp			Bourdon		Yes
1A	String				String				Bourdon		Yes
1A+	Not Used			Flute				Bourdon		Yes
2	8' Flute			String				String		Yes
2+	Doppelflute, piccolo		String, Flute			Bourdon		Yes
2A	4' Flute			String				String		Yes
2A+	Mixed Solo, Heavy		Diapason			Bourdon		No
3	Vox Humana			String				String		Yes
3+	Vox Humana, Flute		Harp, String			String		Yes
3A	Clarinet			String				String		Yes
3A+	Reed				String, Flute			Bourdon		Yes
4	Flute F				String				Bourdon		Yes
4+	Flute F, Reed			String				Bourdon		Yes
4A	Diapason			String, Flute			Bourdon		Yes
4A+	Diapason, Oboe			String, Flute			Bourdon		Yes
5	Oboe				String				Bourdon		Yes
5+	Flute or Chimes			Soft String			Not Used	No
5A	Saxophone			Flute				Bourdon		Yes
5A+	8' String, 16' String		Flute				Bourdon		Yes
6	F Unison			F Unison			Bourdon, String	No
6+	FF Unison			FF Unison			Bourdon, String	No
6A	FF Unison			FF Unison			Bourdon, String	No
6A+	8' Flute, 4' Flute		Trumpet				Bourdon, String	Yes

As you can see by examining the two tables of combinations above the new combinations were not particularly compatible with the older rolls.

5.0 "New Music" stage 2, late 1920's. Rolls 1100 and above

These rolls are not compatible with earlier rolls.

Shades open (hole 124), shades close (hole 123) and hole 116 are selected simultaneously at the beginning of these rolls to indicate New Music Stage 2.

  1. ** Tracker hole 121 is used with sc1 to sc6 and simultaneous shades open and close to extend the existing 24 combinations. There is no information as to how these extra combinations were instrumented.
  2. *** Tracker holes 118 and 120 were claimed to be used as controls to make all 32 Pedal notes playable, however these holes are NEVER USED on any of the Stage 2 New Music rolls currently in my archive. In spite if this the extra pedal notes marked **** ARE used in all of the aforementioned archived rolls.
  3. **** It is logical to assume that these holes were used as the additional pedal notes. However I have made a special version of eplayestey which plays these five extra notes as midi notes 48 to 52 (i.e. adding five extra notes to the top of the known pedal scale). Many of the extra notes are off beat and make no musical sense to me. If anyone is interested I can supply standard midi files of all four tunes with the "extra pedal notes" playing.
I would be pleased to hear from anyone who can clarify or add to this.